vor 1 Tag Audi hat für die Zulassung von Autos in Südkorea jahrelang Fahrgestellnummern und Testprotokolle gefälscht. Die Volkswagen-Tochter habe. Als Tigerstaaten (in Taiwan als chinesisch 亞洲四小龍 ‚die vier kleinen. Südkorea liegt in Ostasien auf der Südhälfte der Koreanischen Halbinsel, zwischen Gelbem Meer (in Südkorea: Westmeer) und dem Japanischen Meer (in .
Not having a university degree carries a major cultural stigma as those who lack a formal university education face social prejudice and are often looked down upon by others.
In , the country spent 4. There is a major cultural taboo in South Korean society attached to those who have not achieved formal university education where those who don't hold university degrees face social prejudice and are often looked down by others as second-class citizens resulting in fewer opportunities for employment, improvement of one's socioeconomic position and prospects for marriage.
International opinion regarding the South Korean education system has been divided. It has been praised for various reasons, including its comparatively high test results and its major role in ushering South Korea's economic development creating one of the world's most educated workforces.
President Barack Obama has also praised the country's rigorous school system, where over 80 percent of South Korean high school graduates go on to university.
The system's rigid and hierarchical structure has been criticized for stifling creativity and innovation;   described as intensely and "brutally" competitive,  the system is often blamed for the high suicide rate in the country, particularly the growing rates among those aged 10— Various media outlets attribute the country's high suicide rate to the nationwide anxiety around the country's college entrance exams, which determine the trajectory of students' entire lives and careers.
Korean is the official language of South Korea, and is classified by most linguists as a language isolate.
Korean is not related to any Chinese languages, although it incorporates a number of words that are Chinese in origin. Additionally, Korean spoken in South Korea uses a significant number of loan words from English and other European languages.
Korean uses an indigenous writing system called Hangul , created in by King Sejong to provide a convenient alternative to the Classical Chinese Hanja characters that were difficult to learn and did not fit the Korean language well.
South Korea still uses some Chinese Hanja characters in limited areas, such as print media and legal documentation.
The Korean language in South Korea has a standard dialect known as Seoul after the capital city , with an additional 4 Korean language dialect groups in use around the country.
Almost all South Korean students today learn English throughout their education, with some optionally choosing Japanese or Mandarin as well.
Religion in South Korea census . According to the results of the census of more than half of the South Korean population According to the census, Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the constitution, and there is no state religion.
Christianity is South Korea's largest organized religion, accounting for more than half of all South Korean adherents of religious organizations.
There are approximately Roman Catholics increased significantly between the s and the s, but declined throughout the s.
The weakness of Korean Sindo, which, unlike Japanese Shinto and China's religious system , never developed into a national religion of high status,  combined with the impoverished state of Korean Buddhism after years of suppression at the hands of the Joseon state, by the 20th century it was virtually extinct left a free hand to Christian churches.
Christianity's similarity to native religious narratives has been studied as another factor that contributed to its success in the peninsula.
Among Christian denominations, Presbyterianism is the largest. South Korea is also the second-largest missionary-sending nation, after the United States.
Buddhism was introduced to Korea in the 4th century. In the other states of the Three Kingdoms Period , Goguryeo and Baekje , it was made the state religion respectively in and It was later suppressed throughout much of the subsequent history under the unified kingdom of Joseon — , which officially adopted a strict Korean Confucianism.
South Korea has a universal healthcare system. Suicide in South Korea is a serious and widespread problem and the country ranks poorly on world happiness reports for a high-income state.
Life expectancy has been rising rapidly and South Korea ranked 11th in the world for life expectancy at South Korea maintains diplomatic relations with more than countries.
The country has also been a member of the United Nations since , when it became a member state at the same time as North Korea. Both North and South Korea claim complete sovereignty over the entire peninsula and outlying islands.
Political figures such as Kim Koo worked to reconcile the two governments even after the Korean War. Despite the Sunshine Policy and efforts at reconciliation, the progress was complicated by North Korean missile tests in , , , , and As of early [update] , relationships between North and South Korea were very tense; North Korea had been reported to have deployed missiles,  ended its former agreements with South Korea,  and threatened South Korea and the United States not to interfere with a satellite launch it had planned.
President Lee Myung-bak declared in May that Seoul would cut all trade with North Korea as part of measures primarily aimed at striking back at North Korea diplomatically and financially, except for the joint Kaesong Industrial Project, and humanitarian aid.
Despite the continuing ties, Kaesong industrial zone has seen a large decrease in investment and manpower as a result of this military conflict.
In February , the Kaesong complex was closed by Seoul in reaction to North Korea's launch of a rocket earlier in the month  unanimously condemned by the United Nations security council.
Historically, Korea had close relations with the dynasties in China, and some Korean kingdoms were members of the Imperial Chinese tributary system.
The two countries sought to improve bilateral relations and lifted the forty-year-old trade embargo,  and South Korean—Chinese relations have improved steadily since The deployment of THAAD defence missiles by the United States military in South Korea in response to North Korean missile tests has been protested strongly by the Chinese government, concerned that the technologically advanced missile defence could be used more broadly against China.
Korea and Japan have had difficult relations since ancient times , but also significant cultural exchange, with Korea acting as the gateway between Asia and Japan.
Contemporary perceptions of Japan are still largely defined by Japan's 35 year colonization of Korea in the 20th century, which is generally regarded in South Korea as having been very negative.
There is heavy anti-Japanese sentiment in South Korea because of a number of unsettled Japanese-Korean disputes , many of which stem from the period of Japanese occupation after the Japanese annexation of Korea.
The Liancourt Rocks were the first Korean territories to be forcibly colonized by Japan in Although it was again returned to Korea along with the rest of its territory in with the signing of the Treaty of San Francisco, Japan does not recant on its claims that the Liancourt Rocks are Japanese territory.
The free trade agreement was approved in September , and took effect on July 1, Nevertheless, EU companies have significant problems accessing and operating in the South Korean market because of stringent standards and testing requirements for products and services often creating barriers to trade.
Upon the onset of the Korean War in , U. The United States participation was critical for preventing the near defeat of the Republic of Korea by northern forces, as well as fighting back for the territory gains that define the South Korean nation today.
Following the Armistice, South Korea and the U. The two nations have strong economic, diplomatic, and military ties, although they have at times disagreed with regard to policies towards North Korea, and with regard to some of South Korea's industrial activities that involve usage of rocket or nuclear technology.
There had also been strong anti-American sentiment during certain periods, which has largely moderated in the modern day. The two nations also share a close economic relationship, with the U.
On October 12, , the U. Congress passed the long-stalled trade agreement with South Korea. The unresolved tension with North Korea have prompted South Korea to allocate 2.
All South Korean males are constitutionally required to serve in the military, typically 21 months. Previous exceptions for South Korean citizens of mixed race no longer apply since The South Korean army has 2, tanks in operation, including the K1A1 and K2 Black Panther , which form the backbone of the South Korean army's mechanized armor and infantry forces.
A sizable arsenal of many artillery systems, including 1, self-propelled K55 and K9 Thunder howitzers and helicopters and UAVs of numerous types, are assembled to provide additional fire, reconnaissance, and logistics support.
South Korea's smaller but more advanced artillery force and wide range of airborne reconnaissance platforms are pivotal in the counter-battery suppression of North Korea's large artillery force, which operates more than 13, artillery systems deployed in various state of fortification and mobility.
The South Korean navy has made its first major transformation into a blue-water navy through the formation of the Strategic Mobile Fleet, which includes a battle group of Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin class destroyers , Dokdo class amphibious assault ship , AIP-driven Type submarines , and King Sejong the Great class destroyers , which is equipped with the latest baseline of Aegis fleet-defense system that allows the ships to track and destroy multiple cruise missiles and ballistic missiles simultaneously, forming an integral part of South Korea's indigenous missile defense umbrella against the North Korean military's missile threat.
From time to time, South Korea has sent its troops overseas to assist American forces. It has participated in most major conflicts that the United States has been involved in the past 50 years.
A further 1, were deployed since to reinforce UN peacekeeping forces in Lebanon. The United States has stationed a substantial contingent of troops to defend South Korea.
There are approximately 28, U. Military personnel stationed in Korea,  most of them serving one year unaccompanied tours.
There has been long term agreement between the United States and South Korea that South Korea should eventually assume the lead for its own defense.
This transition to a South Korean command has been slow and often postponed, although it is currently scheduled to occur in the early s.
Male citizens who refuse or reject to undertake military services because of conscientious objection are typically imprisoned, with over individuals usually imprisoned at any given time; more than the rest of the world put together.
South Korea's mixed economy    ranks 11th nominal and 13th purchasing power parity GDP in the world, identifying it as one of the G major economies.
It is a developed country with a high-income economy and is the most industrialized member country of the OECD.
South Korean brands such as LG Electronics and Samsung are internationally famous and garnered South Korea's reputation for its quality electronics and other manufactured goods.
Its massive investment in education has taken the country from mass illiteracy to a major international technological powerhouse.
The country's national economy benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree.
Despite the South Korean economy's high growth potential and apparent structural stability, the country suffers damage to its credit rating in the stock market because of the belligerence of North Korea in times of deep military crises, which has an adverse effect on South Korean financial markets.
Furthermore, South Korea was one of the few developed countries that were able to avoid a recession during the global financial crisis.
The unemployment rate in South Korea also remained low in , at 3. The following list includes the largest South Korean companies by revenue in who are all listed as part of the Fortune Global South Korea has a technologically advanced transport network consisting of high-speed railways, highways, bus routes, ferry services, and air routes that crisscross the country.
Korea Expressway Corporation operates the toll highways and service amenities en route. Korail provides frequent train services to all major South Korean cities.
South Korea's main gateway and largest airport is Incheon International Airport , serving 58 million passengers in There are also a large number of airports that were built as part of the infrastructure boom but are barely used.
The national carrier, Korean Air served over 26,, passengers, including almost 19,, international passengers in Combined, South Korean airlines serve international routes.
South Korea is the world's fifth-largest nuclear power producer and the second-largest in Asia as of [update].
Fuel production and waste handling technologies have also been developed locally. It is also a member of the ITER project. South Korea is an emerging exporter of nuclear reactors , having concluded agreements with the UAE to build and maintain four advanced nuclear reactors,  with Jordan for a research nuclear reactor,   and with Argentina for construction and repair of heavy-water nuclear reactors.
South Korea is not allowed to enrich uranium or develop traditional uranium enrichment technology on its own, because of US political pressure,  unlike most major nuclear powers such as Japan, Germany, and France, competitors of South Korea in the international nuclear market.
This impediment to South Korea's indigenous nuclear industrial undertaking has sparked occasional diplomatic rows between the two allies.
While South Korea is successful in exporting its electricity-generating nuclear technology and nuclear reactors, it cannot capitalize on the market for nuclear enrichment facilities and refineries , preventing it from further expanding its export niche.
South Korea has sought unique technologies such as pyroprocessing to circumvent these obstacles and seek a more advantageous competition.
South Korea is the third highest ranked Asian country in the World Economic Forum's Network Readiness Index NRI after Singapore and Hong Kong respectively — an indicator for determining the development level of a country's information and communication technologies.
South Korea ranked number 10 overall in the NRI ranking, up from 11 in In , 17 million foreign tourists visited South Korea   With rising tourist prospects, especially from foreign countries outside of Asia, the South Korean government has set a target of attracting 20 million foreign tourists a year by South Korean tourism is driven by many factors, including the popularity of South Korean pop music and television dramas , known as Korean Wave Hallyu , throughout East Asia, traditional culture, cuisine and natural environment.
The Hyundai Research Institute reported that the Korean Wave has a direct impact in encouraging direct foreign investment back into the country through demand for products, and the tourism industry.
According to an analysis by economist Han Sang-Wan, a 1 percent increase in the exports of Korean cultural content pushes consumer goods exports up 0.
The South Korean pension system was created to provide benefits to persons reaching old age, families and persons stricken with death of their primary breadwinner, and for the purposes of stabilizing its nations welfare state.
In there was a total of 18,, insured individuals with only around , persons excluded from mandatory contribution. Eligibility for the national pension scheme is not dependent on income but on age and residence, where those between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered.
Employees between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered under the workplace-based pension scheme and contribute 4.
Voluntarily insured persons are not subjected to mandatory coverage but can choose to be. This category comprises retirees who voluntarily choose to have additional benefits, individuals under the age of 27 without income, and individuals whose spouses are covered under a public welfare system, whether military, governmental, or private school teacher pensions.
Voluntarily and continuously insured persons consists of individuals 60 years of age who want to fulfill the minimum insured period of 20 years to qualify for old age pension benefits.
South Korea's old-age pension scheme covers individuals age 60 or older for the rest of their life as long as they have satisfied the minimum of 20 years of national pension coverage before hand.
There also is an 'active old-age pension' scheme that covers individuals age 60 to 65 engaged in activities yielding earned income.
Individuals age of 55 and younger than 60 who are not engaged in activities yielding earned income are eligible to be covered under the 'early old-age pension' scheme.
Scientific and technological development in the South Korea at first did not occur largely because of more pressing matters such as the division of Korea and the Korean War that occurred right after its independence.
It wasn't until the s under the dictatorship of Park Chung-hee where South Korea's economy rapidly grew from industrialisation and the Chaebol corporations such as Samsung and LG.
Ever since the industrialization of South Korea's economy, South Korea has placed its focus on technology-based corporations, which has been supported by infrastructure developments by the government.
South Korean corporations Samsung and LG were ranked first and third largest mobile phone companies in the world in the first quarter of , respectively.
South Korea has the fastest Internet download speeds in the world, with an average download speed of There is a growing trend of inventions of new types of media or apps, utilizing the 4G and 5G internet infrastructure in South Korea.
South Korea has today the infrastructures to meet a density of population and culture that has the capability to create strong local particularity.
Following cyberattacks in the first half of , whereby government, news-media, television station, and bank websites were compromised, the national government committed to the training of 5, new cybersecurity experts by The South Korean government blamed North Korea for these attacks, as well as incidents that occurred in , and , but Pyongyang denies the accusations.
In late September , a computer-security competition jointly sponsored by the defense ministry and the National Intelligence Service was announced.
South Korea has sent up 10 satellites from , all using foreign rockets and overseas launch pads, notably Arirang-1 in , and Arirang-2 in as part of its space partnership with Russia.
South Korea's efforts to build an indigenous space launch vehicle is marred because of persistent political pressure of the United States, who had for many decades hindered South Korea's indigenous rocket and missile development programs  in fear of their possible connection to clandestine military ballistic missile programs, which Korea many times insisted did not violate the research and development guidelines stipulated by US-Korea agreements on restriction of South Korean rocket technology research and development.
Plans of creating English-teaching robot assistants to compensate for the shortage of teachers were announced in February , with the robots being deployed to most preschools and kindergartens by Recently, research and development in genetics and cloning has received increasing attention, with the first successful cloning of a dog, Snuppy in , and the cloning of two females of an endangered species of wolves [ which?
The rapid growth of the industry has resulted in significant voids in regulation of ethics, as was highlighted by the scientific misconduct case involving Hwang Woo-Suk.
South Korea shares its traditional culture with North Korea , but the two Koreas have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since the peninsula was divided in Historically, while the culture of Korea has been heavily influenced by that of neighboring China, it has nevertheless managed to develop a unique cultural identity that is distinct from its larger neighbor.
The South Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism actively encourages the traditional arts, as well as modern forms, through funding and education programs.
The industrialization and urbanization of South Korea have brought many changes to the way modern Koreans live. Changing economics and lifestyles have led to a concentration of population in major cities, especially the capital Seoul, with multi-generational households separating into nuclear family living arrangements.
A Euromonitor study found that South Koreans drink the most alcohol on a weekly basis compared to the rest of the world.
South Koreans drink Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism and Confucianism , which can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing arts.
Post-war modern Korean art started to flourish in the s and s, when South Korean artists took interest in geometrical shapes and intangible subjects.
Establishing a harmony between man and nature was also a favorite of this time. Because of social instability, social issues appeared as main subjects in the s.
Art was influenced by various international events and exhibits in Korea, and with it brought more diversity. Because of South Korea's tumultuous history, construction and destruction has been repeated endlessly, resulting in an interesting melange of architectural styles and designs.
Korean traditional architecture is characterized by its harmony with nature. Ancient architects adopted the bracket system characterized by thatched roofs and heated floors called ondol.
Traditional architecture can be seen in the palaces and temples, preserved old houses called hanok ,  and special sites like Hahoe Folk Village , Yangdong Village of Gyeongju and Korean Folk Village.
Western architecture was first introduced to Korea at the end of the 19th century. Churches, offices for foreign legislation, schools and university buildings were built in new styles.
With the annexation of Korea by Japan in the colonial regime intervened in Korea's architectural heritage, and Japanese-style modern architecture was imposed.
The anti-Japanese sentiment, and the Korean War, led to the destruction of most buildings constructed during that time.
Korean architecture entered a new phase of development during the post-Korean War reconstruction, incorporating modern architectural trends and styles.
Stimulated by the economic growth in the s and s, active redevelopment saw new horizons in architectural design. In the aftermath of the Seoul Olympics, South Korea has witnessed a wide variation of styles in its architectural landscape due, in large part, to the opening up of the market to foreign architects.
Ingredients and dishes vary by province. There are many significant regional dishes that have proliferated in different variations across the country in the present day.
The Korean royal court cuisine once brought all of the unique regional specialties together for the royal family.
Meals consumed both by the royal family and ordinary Korean citizens have been regulated by a unique culture of etiquette.
Korean cuisine is largely based on rice , noodles , tofu , vegetables, fish and meats. Every meal is accompanied by numerous banchan.
Soups are also a common part of a Korean meal and are served as part of the main course rather than at the beginning or the end of the meal. Popular Korean alcoholic beverages include Soju , Makgeolli and Bokbunja ju.
Korea is unique among Asian countries in its use of metal chopsticks. Metal chopsticks have been discovered in Goguryeo archaeological sites. In addition to domestic consumption, South Korea has a thriving entertainment industry where various facets of South Korean entertainment including television dramas, films, and popular music has generated significant financial revenues for the nation's economy.
The cultural phenomenon known as Hallyu or the "Korean Wave", has swept many countries across Asia making South Korea a major soft power as an exporter of popular culture and entertainment, rivaling Western nations such as the United States and the United Kingdom.
Until the s, trot and traditional Korean folk based ballads dominated South Korean popular music. The emergence of the South Korean pop group Seo Taiji and Boys in marked a turning point for South Korean popular music, also known as K-pop , as the genre modernized itself from incorporating elements of popular musical genres from across the world such as Western popular music , experimental , jazz , gospel , Latin , classical , hip hop , rhythm and blues , electronic dance , reggae , country , folk , and rock on top of its uniquely traditional Korean music roots.
K-pop stars and groups are well known across Asia and have found international fame making millions of dollars in export revenue. Many K-pop acts have also been able secure a strong overseas following following using online social media platforms such as the video sharing website YouTube.
South Korean singer PSY became an international sensation when his song " Gangnam Style " topped global music charts in Since the success of the film Shiri in , the Korean film industry has begun to gain recognition internationally.
Domestic film has a dominant share of the market, partly because of the existence of screen quotas requiring cinemas to show Korean films at least 73 days a year.
South Korean television shows have become popular outside of Korea. South Korean television dramas, known as K-dramas have begun to find fame internationally.
The Lonely and Great God. There are many official public holidays in South Korea. Memorial Day is celebrated on June 6, and its purpose is to honor the men and women who died in South Korea's independence movement.
Constitution Day is on July 17, and it celebrates the promulgation of Constitution of the Republic of Korea. Every 15th day of the 8th lunar month, Koreans celebrate the Midautumn Festival , in which Koreans visit their ancestral hometowns and eat a variety of traditional Korean foods.
October 3 is National Foundation Day. Hangul Day, on October 9 commemorates the invention of hangul , the native alphabet of the Korean language.
The martial art taekwondo originated in Korea. In the s and s, modern rules were standardized, with taekwondo becoming an official Olympic sport in Football and baseball have traditionally been regarded as the most popular sports in Korea.
However, the polling did not indicate the extent to which respondents follow both sports. The Korea Republic national team as it is known has qualified for every World Cup since Mexico , and has broken out of the group stage twice: Baseball was first introduced to Korea in and has since become increasingly popular, with some sources claiming it has surpassed football as the most popular sport in the country.
The South Korea national team finished third in the World Baseball Classic and second in the tournament. The team's final game against Japan was widely watched in Korea, with a large screen at Gwanghwamun crossing in Seoul broadcasting the game live.
Several Korean players have gone on to play in Major League Baseball. Basketball is a popular sport in the country as well.
South Korea has traditionally had one of the top basketball teams in Asia and one of the continent's strongest basketball divisions. Seoul hosted the and Asian Basketball Championship.
The Korea national basketball team has won a record number of 23 medals at the event to date. In , South Korea hosted the Summer Olympics in Seoul , coming fourth with 12 gold medals, 10 silver medals and 11 bronze medals.
South Korea regularly performs well in archery , shooting , table tennis , badminton , short track speed skating , handball , hockey , freestyle wrestling , Greco-Roman wrestling , baseball , judo , taekwondo , speed skating , figure Skating , and weightlifting.
South Korea has won more medals in the Winter Olympics than any other Asian country with a total of 45 medals 23 gold, 14 silver, and 8 bronze.
At the Winter Olympics , South Korea ranked fifth in the overall medal rankings. South Korea is especially strong in short track speed skating. However, speed skating and figure skating are very popular, too, and ice hockey is an emerging sport with Anyang Halla winning their first ever Asia League Ice Hockey title in March Domestic horse racing events are also followed by South Koreans and Seoul Race Park in Gwacheon , Gyeonggi-do is located closest to Seoul out of the country's three tracks.
Competitive video gaming , also called eSports sometimes written e-Sports , has become more popular South Korea in recent years, particularly among young people.
They can make a living out of their activity and top players can even make a significant amount of money with some high end Starcraft II players ending up making six figure salaries.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Korea. Republic in East Asia. Balhae violet and Silla blue , circa CE.
The oldest surviving metal movable type book, the Jikji , was printed in , and Goryeo created the world's first metal-based movable type in History of South Korea.
Geography of South Korea. Climate of South Korea. Environment of South Korea. Government of South Korea. Administrative divisions of South Korea.
Korea Strait Busan Strait. Korea Strait Tsushima Strait. Sea of Japan East Sea. Demographics of South Korea. Education in South Korea.
Korean language and Korean dialects. Religion in South Korea. Health in South Korea. Foreign relations of South Korea.
North Korea—South Korea relations. History of Japan—Korea relations and Japan—Korea disputes. South Korea—European Union relations. South Korea—United States relations.
Republic of Korea Armed Forces. This section's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
Economy of South Korea. Graphical depiction of South Korea's product exports in 28 color-coded categories.
Incheon International Airport 's Maglev station. The Daegu Metro Line 3 monorail. Tourism in South Korea. History of science and technology in Korea.
List of Korean inventions and discoveries. Korea Aerospace Research Institute. Culture of South Korea.
Architecture of South Korea. Public holidays in South Korea. Sport in South Korea. Korea portal Asia portal. Faculty of Philosophy and Social-Political Sciences.
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Yang Ti, the next Sui emperor, proceeded in to mount an invasion of unprecedented magnitude, marshalling a huge force said to number over a million men.
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Ennins Travels in Tang China. From what Ennin tells us, it seems that commerce between East China, Korea and Japan was, for the most part, in the hands of men from Silla.
Here in the relatively dangerous waters on the eastern fringes of the world, they performed the same functions as did the traders of the placid Mediterranean on the western fringes.
This is a historical fact of considerable significance but one which has received virtually no attention in the standard historical compilations of that period or in the modern books based on these sources.
While there were limits to the influence of the Koreans along the eastern coast of China, there can be no doubt of their dominance over the waters off these shores.
The days of Korean maritime dominance in the Far East actually were numbered, but in Ennin's time the men of Silla were still the masters of the seas in their part of the world.
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The Silk Road Encyclopedia. South Korea and US resume military drills ahead of nuclear talks. North Korea set to allow inspectors into nuclear test site.
International experts will be allowed into the dismantled Punggye-ri site, according to reports in South Korea.
South Korean women rebel against strict beauty standards. Bong arm of the law: South Korea says it will arrest citizens who smoke weed in Canada.
Guns and guards to be removed from Korean 'truce village' of Panmunjom. Pope Francis willing to visit North Korea, Vatican official says.
Nine climbers killed in Himalayan storm. At least seven climbers killed in Himalayas after storm at Mt Gurja. Trump angry after South Korea signals it may ease North Korea sanctions.
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